Contact dermatitis may have two sources: (1) those originating
from clothing and fabrics; and (2) those originating from adhesive
materials, rubber, and bandages. Let us take a look at the first
source of contact dermatitis.
Contact dermatitis refers to the skin condition which is characterized
by inflammation resulting from exposure to substance which necessarily
causes irritation or allergic reaction. The sources of contact dermatitis
are varied, ranging from household products, metal jewelry, cosmetics,
to industrial chemicals and even up to medications.
Contact dermatitis which occurs because of clothing or fabric is
usually associated with wearing of clothes with metal snaps or zippers.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Rash (ACD) This type of contact dermatitis relates to the reaction of the immune
system to certain chemicals. ACD is common in hypersensitive individuals.
The onset of allergic contact dermatitis starts within 24 to 36
hours after exposure to the allergen substance. The delay is due
to the action of engaging body immune system. Signs and
symptoms for ACD may differ depending on the person immune
defenses. Statistics show that approximately 20% of the U.S. population
is at danger of acquiring ACD emanating from the sensitivity of
the skin to common allergens.
Irritant Contact Dermatitis Rash (ICD) ICD is the irritating skin reaction to poisonous or toxic chemicals.
One common variety of ICD is the diaper rash in children. Natural
chemicals found in the urine and stool is what triggers the skin
reaction. Baby food and saliva may also contribute to ICD in infants.
For adults, contact dermatitis occurs after exposure to cutting
agents, strong soaps or solvents.
Rash Rx: 15 Second Skin Allergy Rash Relief Guaranteed
Skin Allergy Rash: Signs and Symptoms
ACD In allergic contact dermatitis,
symptoms include blistering, severe itching and skin redness. As
mentioned above, the delay in the immune system also determines
the period when the signs may appear.
ICD In non-critical cases, there
can only be serene redness of the skin. However, in severe cases
blistering, skin swelling, or even ulceration may result. Signs
may begin to manifest right away after exposure to the irritating
substance or agent, and the rashes are only found on areas of the
skin that have been in direct contact with the irritant.
Skin Allergy Rash: Treatment
Common skin allergy rash medications prescribed by dermatologists or physicians:
Rash Skin Moisturizers Skin moisturizers
are to prevent dryness which often leads to infection. Among the
common available skin moisturizers are Vanicream, Cetaphil, petroleum
jelly, and Eucerin. Oatmeal baths (Aveeno) are also effective for
Rash Corticosteroid Creams These creams
alleviate the discomfort in skin inflammation. Corticosteroid may
come in creams or ointments containing the following active ingredient:
hydrocortisone (Hytone), hydrocortisone butyrate (Locoid), hydrocortisone
valerate (Westcort), desonide (Tridesilon or DesOwen), amcinonide
(Cyclocort), fluocinonide (Lidex) or desoximetasone (Topicort).
In severe cases of symptoms, corticosteroids can be injected or
can be orally taken.
Rash Antihistamines This is the basic
treatment in controlling severe itch of a patient. Antihistamines
include fexofenadine (Allegra), cetirizine (Zyrtec), hydroxyzine
(Atarax), loratadine (Claritin) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl).
Some of these medications may have the side-effect of drowsiness.